EDS is a collection of inherited conditions that fit into a larger group known as heritable disorders of connective tissue. Connective tissues provide support in skin, tendons, ligaments and bones.
There are different types of EDS, but they have features in common. These can include joint hypermobility (increased mobility of joints), stretchy skin and tissue fragility. The fragile skin and unstable joints often found in EDS are the result of faulty collagen.
Collagen is a protein in connective tissue which acts as a ‘glue’ in the body,adding strength and elasticity. There are many different kinds including collagens types I, III and V. The type of EDS depends on which collagen is involved.